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2023 Top 10 Hindu Goddess: List of Hindu Deities

1. Mata Durga

There is confusion on the Hindu psyche table regarding Brahma, Vishnu, and Mahesh. They consider him to be the best and self-proclaimed, but is it true? It is written in the Vedas that one who is born or manifested cannot be a God.

God is unborn, invisible, and formless. Over a period of time, Mata Durga was associated with Mata Parvati and worshiped in 9 forms.

The names of the above 9 forms are –

  1. Shailputri
  2. Brahmacharini
  3. Chandraghanta
  4. Kushmanda
  5. Skandamata
  6. Katyayani
  7. Kalratri
  8. Mahagauri
  9. Siddhidatri

2. Sati and Parvati

Mata Parvati, one of the main trinity of Hinduism, is considered the goddess of strength and courage. Parvati Mata was Sati in her previous birth. Sati is power.

The forms of Mata Sati are Kali, Tara, Chinnamasta, Shodashi, Bhuvaneshwari, Tripurbhairavi, Dhumavati, Baglamukhi, Matangi, and Kamala.

According to Puran lord, shiva had four wives. First is sati who sacrificed her life by jumping in the yajna. 

Sati came in the form of Parvati form for the second time, whose sons are Ganesh and Kartika. After that shiv has a third wife called Devi Uma. Devi Uma is called the land of the lord. Maa kali is the fourth wife of lord shiva.

3. Aditi

Aditi worship was practiced in ancient India but is no longer. The mother of the gods is named Aditi. Aditi’s sons are called Adityas.

The 33 deities include Aditi’s 12 sons whose names are as follows – Vivasvan, Aryama, Pusha, Tvashta, Savita, Bhag, Dhata, Vidhata, Varuna, Mitra, Indra, and Trivikram (Lord Vamana). In addition to the 12 Adityas, there is a class of 33 deities, including 8 Vasu, 11 Rudras, and 2 Ashwankumar.

Aditi is also the mother of all the goddesses who gave birth to all the clans. Aditi has also been called Lokmata.

Aditi’s husband Rishi Kashyapa was the learned son of Marichi, the psyche son of Brahmaji. According to belief, they are also known as Anishtanemi.

4. Shatrupa

The name of the wife of Manu, the first man of the present world, was Shatrupa. Being the first woman in the world, she is also called Jagatjanani.

She was born from the Vamang of Brahma. There is a mention of the tenacity and boon of Manu-Shatarupa in the Balachand of Ramcharit Manas.

5. Mother Saraswati

There is a Saraswat society in India. The name may have been derived due to its being on the banks of the Saraswati river, such as the Sarayupariya Brahmin i.e. the Brahmin living around the Sarayu river.

Mother Saraswati, one of the major trinity of Hinduism, is considered the goddess of knowledge.

Mother Saraswati, seated on the swan, is wearing Dhawal clothes. Saraswati’s hands are adorned with Veena’s boon. Saraswati is the goddess of music, art, education, and knowledge.

A river named after Saraswati was Saraswati, which in ancient times flowed from the hills of Shivalik in Haryana and Rajasthan and merged into the Indus Gulf (Arabian Gulf).

6. Mother Lakshmi

Goddess Lakshmi, the consort of Lord Vishnu and the daughter of the sage Bhrigu, is one of the three goddesses, who are believed to give wealth and prosperity. Lakshmi Mata’s vehicle is an owl and she lives on a lotus with Lord

7. Vishnu in Kshirsagar

Lakshmiji is worshiped in 2 forms – Shreeroop and Lakshmi Roop. His special day is considered Friday. 18 sons of Bhagwati Lakshmi are said to be prominent among them – Anand, Kardam, Srid, and Chiklit.

8. Gayatri

There is one of the longest verses in the Rig Veda by the name Gayatri. Gayatri is considered one of the 5 forms of Adyashakti nature.

This is called Veda Mata. At some time, she incarnated as the daughter of Savita Dev, so she got the name Savitri.

Their Deity is similar to a golden gold. Apart from Aditi in the Vedas, Savita is also mentioned in many places.

9. Shraddha

Shraddha was the third daughter of Kardam Rishi and Devahuti. Shraddha was married to Angira Rishi.

Angira and Shraddha had daughters named Sinibala, Kuhu, Raka, and Permit, and sons named Facts and Brihaspati.

10. Shachi

Shachi Skanda Purana’s Puloma daughter Shachi also finds mention in the Vedas. According to the Skanda Purana, in the Satyuga, Shachi, the daughter of the demon king Pulom, did penance to the Goddess Parvati, the presiding deity of the Himalayas at Jwalapadham to receive Devaraja Indra as her husband.

Maa Parvati was pleased with the penance of Shachi and appeared to him as Deept Jwaleshwari and fulfilled Shachi’s wish. The place where Mother had appeared is in the Garhwal region of Uttarakhand. There is a temple of Mata Jwaladevi here.

Goddess Shachi is called Indrani. Indrani (Goddess Shachi) tied Rakshasutra by Brahmins in the hand of her husband Indra. He won when Indra made war by tying Rakshasutra. Some people believe that this festival of Raksha Bandhan started then.

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